Source: The Case for Marriage: Why Married People Are Happier, Healthier And Better Off Financially by Linda Waite and Maggie Gallagher, Doubleday, 2000
1) Catherine E. Ross, John Mirowsky and Kren Goldsteen, "The Impact of the Family on Health: Decade in Review", Journal of Marriage and the Family 52 (1990 1061.
2) See Bernard I Cohen and I-Sing Lee,"A Catlog of Risks," Health Pysics 36 (1979) 707-722.
3) James S. Goodwin, William C. Hunt, Charles r. Key and Johnathan M. Samet," The Effect of Marital Status on Stage, Treatment, and Survival of Cancer Patients", Journal of the American Medical Association 258 (1987): 3125-3130.
4) Mike Murphy, Karen Glaser, and Emily Grundy, "Marital Status and Long-term Illness in Great Britain" Journal of Marriage and the Family 59 (1997) 156-164.
5) The percentages living to age sixty five are 88 percent of married men versus 69 percent of widowed men, 65 percent of divorced men and 63 percent of never-married men. For women, 92 percent of forty-eight year-old married women lived to age sixty five, compared to 81 percent of never-married women, 82 percent of divrorced women and 90 percent of widows.
6) Bachman et al, "Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use" 172-173
7) See for example Sehldon Cohen, William J. Doyle, David P. Skoner, Bruce S. Rabin, Jack M. Gwatltney, Jr. "Social Ties and Susceptibility to the Common Cold",1940-1944
Journal of the American meidical Association 277(1997):
8) K.A. S. Wickrama, Frederick O. Lorenz, Rand D. Conger and Glen H. Elder, Jr. "Marital Quality and Physical Illness: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis" Journal of Marriage and the Family 59 (1997 143-155)
9) John Mirowsky and Catherine E. Ross, Social Causes of Psychological Distress (New York: Aldine De Gruyter 1989), 90-92
10) Tabulations by Linda J. Waite from the General Social Survey 1990-1996.
11) Nadine F. Marks and James D. Lambert, "Marital Status Continuity and Change among Young and Midlife Adults: Longitudinal Effects on Psychological Well-being", Journal of Family Issues 19 (1998) 652-686
12) Allan V. Horwitz, Helene Raskin White, and Sandra Howell-white, "BecomingMarried and Mental Health:A Longitudinal Study of a Cohort of Young Adults" Journal of Marriage and the Family 58 (1996) 895-907
13) Blumenstein and Schwarz, American Couples, 186-187; Clarksberg, Stolzenbergnad Waite "Attidues, Values and Entrance," 609-634
14) Bumpass and Sweet "Nationial Estimates of Cohabitation" 615-625
15) Russell P.d. Burton, "Global Integrative Meaning as a Mediating Factor in the Relationship between Social Roles and Psychological Distress" Journal of Health and Social Behavior 39 (1998) 201-215.
16) Lingxin Hao, "Family Structure", 269-292
17) Joseph Lupton and James P. Smith "Marriage, Asssets and Savings." In Shoshana Grossbard-Schechtman (ed), Marriage and the Economy. Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press
18) Ibid, table 5
19) Ibid, conclusions
20) Richard R. Peterson, "Re-evaluation," 528-536
21) Leatha Lamison-white "Poverty the Most Vulnerable: A Proposal to Improve Social Security Insurance for Older Women", the Genetolgist, 34 (1994) 148-149
22) Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur, Growing Up with A Single Parent, 83